Major Baden F. S.
Like his older brother, Robert, Baden
Baden-Powell was an Army Officer. He served with the Scots Guards, one of
England's most distinguished regiments. Major Baden F. S. Baden Powell was
a pioneering thinker in the use of military aviation and a Fellow and
later President of the Royal Aeronautical Society and was a Fellow of the
Royal Geographical Society. Major Baden-Powell was the author of In
Savage Isles and Settled Lands published in 1892. It recounts his
"journey of some 50,000 miles ... extending over three years" as he
traveled around the world to his duties as Aide-de-Camp and Military
Secretary to the Governor of Queensland, Australia, and thence home via
the Pacific, America and across the Atlantic. Some details of his career
are found in Robin Baden Clay's work on the Powell family
Baden Fletcher Smyth BADEN-POWELL
Born 22 May 1860.
Educated at Charterhouse School,
Commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Scots Guards, 1882.
Served in the Nile Expedition in and was a member of the Guards
Camel Corps, 1884-1885.
Received the Egyptian Service Medal and Clasp
and the Khedive of Egypt’s Star.
Served as Aide-de-Camp to Sir
Anthony Musgrave, Governor of Queensland, Australia, 1888.
Private Secretary to General Sir Henry Wylie Norman, Governor of
Queensland, Australia, 1889.
Served in New Guinea (British New Guinea
became the Crown Colony of Papua in 1888).
Served in South Africa on
the Boer War, 1899-1902. (Present at the Relief of
Served in France & Belgium in World War One on the New
Army on Staff of The Guards Division, 1917-1918
Served as Camouflage
Officer to XIV Corps.
Retired as a Major, Scots Guards.
Baden-Powell was a member of the Guards' Club.
He was President,
Royal Aeronautical Society 1902-09. (Considered a pioneer of military
He was elected a Member of the Mercers' Company 1881 and
elected as Master in 1917.
Baden Baden-Powell died 3 Oct 1937 at age
1st Battalion Scots Guards
at Alexandria on 12 August 1882
From: Michael Barthorp,
Blood-Red Desert Sand:
The British Invasions of Egypt and the Sudan 1882-1898, London,
Lieutenant B. F. S. Baden-Powell,
Guards Camel Regiment,
From: Michael Barthorp,
Blood-Red Desert Sand, London,
National Army Museum
Egyptian Service Medal and Clasp and the Khedive of Egypt’s Star
NEW GUINEA (PAPUA), 1888.
Last Charge at Huhuna.
New Guinea, 1888.
From: B. F. S. Baden-Powell, In Savage Isles and Settled Lands,
SOUTH AFRICA, 1900.
Officers of the Mafeking Relief Column.
Top row (left to
right): Major Karri Davis (Imperial Light Horse), Major Baden-Powell
(Intelligence Department), Captain Robinson, R.A., Major Weil
(Transport), Captain Peakman (Kimberley Corps), Prince Alexander of
Teck, A.D,C., Captain Cobb, A.S.C. Second row: Captain Donaldson
(Imperial Light Horse), Captain Maxwell (Kimberley Corps), Colonel
King (commanding Kimberley Corps), Colonel Mahon, Colonel Edwards
(Imperial Light Horse), Captain Bell-Smyth (Brigade- Major), Captain
Barnes Adjutant, Imperial Light Horse). Bottom row: Captain Ker
(commanding Infantry detachment), Sir John Willoughby (D.A.A.G.B.),
Colonel F. Rhodes, D.S.O. (Chief of Intelligence Department), Captain
Smyth (Galloper), Captain Du Plat Taylor (R.H.A.).
From: H. W. Wilson, With the Flag to Pretoria: A History of the
Boer War, 1899-1900, London, 1901.
Background of the Eqyptian
From: Major L. L. Gordon, British Battles and Medals, 5th
Edition, London, 1979.
H. W. Wilson,
With the Flag to Pretoria: A History of the Boer War, 1899-1900,
Chapter XXV: "The Relief of Mafeking."
[Note: Thumbnail of Major Baden F. S. Baden-Powell, brother of B-P,
from photo of "Officers of
the Mafeking Relief Column"]
is featured in an episode of National Public Radio's series, "Engines
of Our Ingenuity" with Professor John Lienhard. Each program tells a
story of how our culture is formed by human creativity.|
||Major Baden-Powell's appointment as
Aide-de-Camp and Military Secretary to the Governor of Queensland,
Australia gave him the opportunity to travel around the world on a
"journey of some 50,000 miles ... extending over three years." He
relates this journey in
In Savage Isles and Settled
published in 1892.|
||As a member, and later as the
President of the Royal Aeronautical Society, Baden Baden-Powell was an
advocate of flight and its use in support of the military. In an
article in the Illustrated Scientific News in 1903, he
described "Progress with Airships"
and the state of aerial navigation by balloon before the advent of
man's first flights in heavier than air craft.|
||One of Baden Baden-Powell's early
experiments with flight was the design of a man-lifting kite which he
patented as the "Levitor" in 1895. He featured the kite in an article
"Evolution of a Kite That Will Lift a
Man" in McClure's Magazine in April, 1899.|
||The Cradle of Aviation Museum
features a short article on the "Levitor" kite used in
Marconi's early shore-to-ship communication experiments.|
Baden-Powell Family History.
A series of links starting
the research of Robin Baden Clay, a grandson of Baden-Powell. These
focused on the genealogy of the Powell family. The author is extremely
grateful to Mr. Clay for sharing the results of his labors with the
Scouting community. Links are provided to pages for three of B-P's
brothers: Baden, Warington and Sir George Baden-Powell, to members of
his extended family, and to the
genealogy of the Smyth and Warington families.
||Baden-Powell Home Page|
feedback, comments and suggestions are appreciated.
Please write to:
Lewis P. Orans
Copyright © Lewis P. Orans, 2002
Last Modified: 10:21 AM on August 4, 2002